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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus
 

Native Meat Breed

Cattle



1 - The breed produced by the Presidium must be native to the area concerned and must have been bred locally for many decades.

2 - The individual animals raised must be registered in the breed register or in the registry office register maintained by the appropriate breeders’ association (if applicable), which will perform the relevant controls. Each individual must be identifiable by a progressive number attached to
 ear (ear tag).

3 – The cattle should be raised using methods that are optimally adapted to the traditional behavior of the breed. The animals should preferably be raised free range or semi-free range, minimizing the time spent stabled. Sheds must in any case contain suitable stalls with a minimum 50% of their area covered with straw (the area required to avoid overcrowding and
allow animals to display the breed’s characteristic behavior is 3 m2 per animal). All necessary practices must be implemented to promote the animals’ welfare and well-being.
Fattening is permitted at the finishing stage for a period of at least 4 months before slaughter, with a stall of adequate size to cater for the animal’s growth.
The cow-calf relationship must be maintained: calves must be raised by the mother for at least the first three months of life to ensure ingestion of colostrum and a diet which at least partially contains non-reconstituted milk.

4 - When animals migrate to mountain pastures (where applicable), their diet must be specifically based on grazing (daily/seasonally) for breeding animals. In addition to pasture grazing, Slow Food encourages haymaking from permanent pastures and crop rotation.

5 - Feed must be based on natural products which do not include the use of urea, silage, simple or compound feed made, even partially, with genetically modified organisms, any kind of additive, industrial processing waste (including cake extracts) , as well as any products prohibited
by law. If climate conditions are not suitable for haymaking (damp rainy climates, short summers etc.), it is possible to consider the use of feed silage, but it is not permitted to use corn silage. However it is preferable to avoid the use of silage (even of forage) in the finishing period.
It is not permitted to use straw as feed . Supplementary feed for free-range animals can include hay from natural pasture (at least 20% of the supplementary diet) and meal or flaked cereals (corn, barley, wheat, oats, triticale), including bran and germ, and also broad beans, field beans,
field peas, flour from medicinal herbs and traditional local forage, cereals and pulses. It is permitted to provide semi-dry material and to use the unifeed system, but only for dry material. It is recommended to use mycorrhization techniques for crops given as feed.

6 - For therapeutic medical treatment, preference should be given to herbal and homeopathic products, whilst antibiotic and conventional veterinary medicines should only be used with a veterinary prescription and when there are no other effective remedies or when such treatments are essential to avoid suffering and discomfort to the animal concerned.
If conventional veterinary drugs are used it is necessary for a veterinary prescription to be obtained and archived with specific information about the product (active ingredients and commercial name), diagnosis, dosage, method of administration, and duration of treatment
never less than required by law. Animals that have received treatment must be clearly identified.
The time between ending medication and slaughter must be double the minimum required by law.
It is not permitted to use substances to stimulate growth or production (including antibiotics, coccidiostatics and artificial growth stimulants).
Vitamin and mineral supplements are not permitted after the eighth month of life, except in particular cases when prescribed by a veterinarian.

7 - Meat from the Presidium must be from animals slaughtered after a minimum 14 months of age.

8 - Animals must be slaughtered within the production area. In order to prevent stress, particular care should be taken with transport and holding before slaughter. The use of inappropriate methods must be avoided when loading and unloading animals from vehicles, and animals from
different farms should not be mixed during transport or while holding.

9 - It is necessary to meet all regulations regarding traceability and labeling of meat.
Voluntary traceability systems must be adopted, providing the following information on the label:
- Identification number (ear tag)
- Country of birth
-Country where raised (fattened)
-Breed
- Category
-Sex
-Age in months
- Months of fattening
- Business name and production code
- Municipality where produced
-Date of slaughter
- Country of slaughter
-Stamp of slaughter facility
- Country where cut
- Stamp of cutting plant

10 – Any exemptions from the requirements specified above must be requested by the producer in advance with a detailed justification.
   
Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus | Partners Regione Toscana Regione del Veneto
 
 
 

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