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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

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Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus

Milk Breed


1 - The breed whose milk is used to produce Presidium cheese does not have to be a native breed (although Slow Food always encourages the reintroduction of native breeds wherever possible), but does have to belong to a breed adapted to the environment and geographical area defined by the Presidium production protocol. The cheese must be solely made using milk
from the cows owned by the Presidium producer. Slow Food will only grant exemptions from these rules if appropriate justifications are provided. For the production of cheese, reference should be made to the specific guidelines.

2 - The individual animals raised must be registered in the breed register or in the registry office register maintained by the appropriate breeders' association (if applicable), which will perform the relevant controls. Each individual must be identifiable by a progressive number attached to
its ear (ear tag).

3 - The cattle should be raised using methods that are optimally adapted to the traditional behavior of the breed . The animals should preferably be raised free range or semi-free range, minimizing the time spent stabled. Sheds must in any case contain suitable stalls with permanent bedding or cubicles. Stalls must have a minimum 50% of their area covered with
straw. The bedding must be comfortable and dry. Permanent stabling is not permitted. Environmental conditions, such as temperature, ventilation, humidity, illumination, and noise levels must be adequately kept under control. It is important to avoid overcrowding, which could lead to various problems, particularly in behavior due to the creation of hierarchical rivalries.

4 - Mountain pasture grazing must be practiced (except in cases where this is not traditional for the area or for the Presidium product). Free-range animals must have adequate shelter from the rain, wind, sun and extreme temperatures.

5 - When animals migrate to mountain pastures, their diet must be based on daily grazing, especially for breeding animals. To safeguard the pasture environment and ensure that extensive methods are used, the maximum stock density must be specified for different contexts. Slow Food encourages haymaking from permanent pastures and crop rotation.

6 - Feed must be based on natural products which do not include the use of urea, silage, simple or compound feed made, even partially, with genetically modified organisms, any kind of additive, industrial processing waste (including cake extracts), as well as any products prohibited by law. If climate conditions are not suitable for haymaking (damp rainy climates, short
summers etc.), it is possible to consider the use of feed silage, but it is not permitted to use corn silage. However it is preferable to avoid the use of silage (even of forage) in the finishing period.
It is not permitted to use straw as feed. Supplementary feed for free-range animals can include hay from natural pasture (at least 20% of the supplementary diet) and meal or flaked cereals (corn, barley, wheat, oats, triticale), including bran and germ, and also broad beans, field beans, field peas, flour from medicinal herbs and traditional local forage, cereals and pulses. Troughs
must be large enough and correctly positioned. Fresh clean water must always be available.

7 - When calves are raised before weaning (3 months) it must be ensured that they ingest
colostrum and have a diet at least partially containing non-reconstituted milk. It must also be
ensured that calves are raised in a group and not individually. The sale of calves is permitted,
but they must have reached an age of at least three months at the farm of origin.

8 - For therapeutic medical treatment, preference should be given to herbal and homeopathic products, whilst antibiotic and conventional veterinary medicines should only be used with a veterinary prescription and when there are no other effective remedies or when such treatments are essential to avoid suffering and discomfort to the animal concerned.
If conventional veterinary drugs are used it is necessary for a veterinary prescription to be obtained and archived with specific information about the product (active ingredients and commercial name), diagnosis, dosage, method of administration, and duration of treatment never less than required by law. Animals that have received treatment must be clearly identified.
The time between ending medication and slaughter must be double the minimum required by law or, if not specified, 48 hours.
It is not permitted to use substances to stimulate growth or production (including antibiotics, coccidiostatics and other artificial growth stimulants).
Vitamin and mineral supplements are not permitted after the eighth month of life, except in particular cases when prescribed by a veterinarian.

9 - Any exemptions from the requirements specified above must be requested by the producer with a detailed justification.

10 - It is necessary to meet all regulations regarding traceability and labeling of milk. Producers must be familiar with all animal welfare requirements.
Slow Food Foundation for Biodiversity Onlus | Partners Regione Toscana Regione del Veneto

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